Solar Today Summer 2016 : Page 18
wineries & breweries For Your Drinking Pleasure: Wineries and Breweries Powered by the 1. Jarvis Estate Jarvis Winery, a totally underground winery in Napa Valley,California, received a Regional Wine Tourism Award of Merit for Best Sustainable Wine Tourism Practices. Operated entirely by solar power, Jarvis’ vine-yards are green-certified by the California Land Stewardship Institute and its 45,000 square feet of wine caves remain 61 degrees year round requiring no heat or cooling. 2. Merry Edwards Winery Jarvis Estate, underground fermenting One of California’s first woman winemakers, Mer-ry Edwards began her career at Mount Eden Vine-yards in the Santa Cruz Mountains in 1974. She went on to become the founding winemaker at Matanzas Creek in 1977 and remained there until 1984. For the next decade, Merry consulted for numerous winer-ies, large and small, in Oregon and for many diverse ap-pellations of Cali-fornia. In 1997, family Merry Edwards & husband and friends joined enjoying their clean energy Merry to found Merry Edwards Winery, with a fo-cus on producing Pinot Noirs with a sense of place from Russian River Valley and Sonoma Coast. In 2008, she and her husband, Ken Coopersmith, com-pleted their winery on the site of Coo-persmith Vineyard. Mary says, “At our winery, we find that green practices are sound business as well as being good for the en-vironment. An example of this is CREDIT: MERRY EDWARDS WINERY our solar system installed in 2010. Our south-fac-ing roof now boasts nearly 600 photovoltaic mod-ules generating 150 kW. Even though the upfront investment was large, federal and state incentive programs in place when we began the project helped ameliorate the costs. The massive decrease in electrical bills has been a boon for our business as well as helping to reduce our environmental footprint. Also, our new guest house and home are both solar with integrated, individual pan monitor-ing for top performance.” CREDIT: JARVIS ESTATE “It is a great pleasure for me to re-ceive this award on behalf of every-one at Jarvis Winery. We appreciate the recognition of our green prac-tices that include our vineyards, which are Napa Green certified, as well as our underground winery fa-cility that does not require heating or cooling and is completely pow-ered by solar array on the estate.” --Will Jarvis 18 SUMMER 2016 SOLAR TODAY Copyright © 2014 American Solar Energy Society. All rights reserved.
For Your Drinking Pleasure: Wineries And Breweries Powered by The
1. Jarvis Estate
Jarvis Winery, a totally underground winery in Napa Valley,California, received a Regional Wine Tourism Award of Merit for Best Sustainable Wine Tourism Practices.
Operated entirely by solar power, Jarvis’ vineyards are green-certified by the California Land Stewardship Institute and its 45,000 square feet of wine caves remain 61 degrees year round requiring no heat or cooling.
2. Merry Edwards Winery
One of California’s first woman winemakers, Merry Edwards began her career at Mount Eden Vineyards in the Santa Cruz Mountains in 1974. She went on to become the founding winemaker at Matanzas Creek in 1977 and remained there until 1984. For the next decade, Merry consulted for numerous wineries, large and small, in Oregon and for many diverse appellations of California.
In 1997, family and friends joined Merry to found Merry Edwards Winery, with a focus on producing Pinot Noirs with a sense of place from Russian River Valley and Sonoma Coast. In 2008, she and her husband, Ken Coopersmith, completed their winery on the site of Coopersmith Vineyard. Mary says,
“At our winery, we find that green practices are sound business as well as being good for the environment. An example of this is our solar system installed in 2010. Our south-facing roof now boasts nearly 600 photovoltaic modules generating 150 kW. Even though the upfront investment was large, federal and state incentive programs in place when we began the project helped ameliorate the costs. The massive decrease in electrical bills has been a boon for our business as well as helping to reduce our environmental footprint. Also, our new guest house and home are both solar with integrated, individual pan monitoring for top performance.”
3. Jordan’s Vineyard & Winery
After six years of reducing their carbon footprint, they are thrilled to announce that Jordan Vineyard & Winery is now powered by the sun. Stellar Energy installed a 454-Kilowatt solar-photovoltaic array on a steep hillside behind the winery. It consists of 1,932 modules composed of 100% American made equipment—quite uncommon in this country due to the higher cost of U.S.-manufactured products. The solar power is expected to offset their utility bill by 99% and save the winery nearly $4.9 million in electricity costs over the next 30 years. A web-based monitoring system allows us–and wine markers and customers–to see, in real time, Jordan’s environmental impact and solar energy produced/used.
Jordan Winery is now enrolled in the Sonoma Clean Power program, which provides businesses access to environmentally friendly power, generated by local renewable resources, such as solar, wind and geothermal. Roughly 90% of their electricity comes from their hillside solar arrays and the balance from renewable energy. Using 10% renewable energy means that Jordan’s electrical use is now carbon neutral.
4. Peju Province Winery
The love of farming and a passion for wine brought Tony Peju to the Napa Valley. A series of ideas - starting in his birthplace on the Caspian Sea, then France, England and eventually, Los Angeles -- created the Peju’s Napa Valley winery. In 1982, Tony and his wife Herta purchased 30 acres of land in the Napa Valley with the magic ingredient - location.
Neighboring vineyards in Rutherford included Robert Mondavi, Inglenook and Beaulieu. Situated between Highway 29 and the Napa River, the acreage included a 1900-era house and rambling vineyards, some 60 or more years old. Looking to the future, Tony and Herta have introduced their two daughters, Lisa and Ariana, to the workings of the wine business. Both of the young women are immersing themselves in all aspects of Peju Winery.
With the sun as a plentiful partner in the Napa Valley, curren Peju owner Ariana Peju launched the “Harvesting of the Sun” project by taking Peju solar in 2006. To date, 720 panels have been installed over 10,000 square feet of the winery’s roof, and the panels generate 40% of the winery’s annual energy.
Peju’s solar power system is currently sized ar 126 kW AC it sit on top of their crush pad, barrel room, tank area and administrative offices. Peju is planning to add more modules.
5. J. Lohr Vineyards & Wineries
According to a press release fromFebruary 18, 2009, J. Lohr Vineyards & Wines unveiled the largest solar tracking array in the wine industry, a 3-acre, state-of-the-art, 756 kilowatt solar photovoltaic (PV) single-axis tracking system designed to offset 75% of the winery’s energy usage at its Paso Robles operations. This ground-mounted installation is comprised of 4,320 PV modules that track the sun from east to west on a daily basis to optimize production of solar-generated electricity. The landmark system was designed and installed by Conergy.
“J. Lohr has an impressive track record of environmental responsibility, and by both adopting sustainable practices and being willing to share its experience with others, is helping to expand the California wine industry’s widespread sustainability movement,” said Allison Jordan, executive director for CSWA, the California Sustainable Winegrowing Alliance.
“With a strong, credible voice among industry professionals and a powerful commitment to environmental stewardship, J. Lohr recognized the importance of setting an example for the wine industry, for other energy-intensive businesses, and the public at large,” said Conergy Product Developer Michael DeSousa. “By investing in this bellwether system, J. Lohr becomes more energy independent and will enjoy more predictable energy costs for decades to come,” DeSousa added.
Founded more than three decades ago by Jerry Lohr, J. Lohr Vineyards & Wines crafts a full line of internationally- recognized wines from its 3,000 acres of estate vineyards in Paso Robles, Monterey County, and the Napa Valley.
6. Frey Organic Wine
Frey is a third-generation familyowned and operated winery located at the pristine headwaters of the Russian River in Redwood Valley, Mendocino County, California. Frey Vineyards combines the best of modern and traditional winemaking methods to showcase distinctive varietal flavors. Through minimal manipulation in the cellar, they allow the wines to express the authentic character of the soils and climate. For over three decades Frey has a vanguard in crafting wine without added sulfites, a synthetic preservative added to most other wines (even wines made with or ganically grown grapes!) that can cause adverse allergic reactions in some people.
Frey’s organic and Biodynamic farming methods encourage care for the soil, groundwater, and wildlife, promoting rich biodiversity in the vineyard. Ninety percent of their land is held as unspoiled natural habitat with a diverse mix of native plants and animals. As stewards of the land, they emphasize producing organic and Biodynamic wine of the highest quality while caring for planet and palate alike.
As part of this program, and with the help of an energy audit, Frey installed efficient lighting and motors. A 17 kilowatt solar array is used to power aforklift, lights, bottling equipment, and pumps. A solar water heating system is in the works.
Other everyday significant, carbon-reducing practices are the use of recycled office and label paper; and tree planting and forest protection in surrounding wilderness. All of these actions either directly or indirectly keep carbon dioxide out of the air.
In the future, electric tractors will be used in their vineyards. They are also looking into the use of high carbon composts, called biochar.
7. Wine Tree Farm & Golden Creek Vineyards
Wine Tree Farm and Gold Creek Vineyards share a unique off-grid solar powered winery in California’s beautiful Sierra foothills. While many California wineries use solar power to help reduce electrical consumption and its associated carbon footprint, Wine Tree Farm and Gold Creek Vineyards are the state’s first entirely solar powered off grid wineries. The wineries share a production facility that uses solar panels to produce all power needed for wine production, winery business operations, and a popular customer tasting room. To ensure power at nighttime, high efficiently lighting and a battery array allow 24 hour operation.
The winery’s focus on solar power began in 1998 when Wine Tree Farm founder Corinne Moore purchased the 105 acre ranch property which included remnants of Gold Rush era mining operations and an old 1902 farmhouse that had no public utilities. Since the house was originally used only as a weekend getaway, originally one solar panel and a couple of batteries provided all the power that was needed to illuminate a few DC lights and a small pump for the house’s water well.
Almost immediately Corinne planted a small vineyard behind the house to experiment with different wine varietals to learn what would grow best. The vineyard, however, needed additional water for irrigation and that meant the winery needed more power in order to run irrigation pumps. Since no utility ran to the property, Corinne jumped into solar with both feet.
In 1999, Corinne’s teenage son Nic met a local man who installed solar-powered systems. Nic was so interested that he decided to work with him in the solar business, ultimately earning his solar electrician accreditation. “We installed a small electrical solar system here at the house that generated AC, with the capability of running lights, fans, computers – virtually everything needed for day-to-day living,” explains Corinne.
In 2000, Corinne and her son moved into the farmhouse full time. Over the years the solar system has been expanded and now provides all the comforts necessary for a full time residence and winery office. Two years later Corinne and her son planted a larger commercial vineyard on the far end of the ranch property.
8. Medlock Ames Winery
Commitment to the environment runs deep at Medlock Ames. Not only do they farm organically but they strive be as sustainable as possible, which is why they invested heavily in using renewable energy to power their winery. Solar power is a fabulous example of longer term sustainable thinking. The initial investment is large but makes enormous sense when looked at in connection with a ‘hundred year plan’. They predict that the panels will have paid for themselves in eight years or less – and with approx. thirty years of useful service the winery can look forward to twenty years of massively reduced (or eliminated!) electricity bills.
Benefits that don’t show up on a balance sheet are just as important. They eliminatemany pounds of CO2 each year with their system as well as contribute power to their local power grid at peak times when it is needed most. They know that clean energy is good for everyone and in many respects they can now add ‘energy’ to the growing list of things their farm at Medlock Ames provides. In addition, they welcome visitors to the ranch to take a walk over to one of their many hi-tech solar arrays that seem (strangely enough) to sit happily next to vines, geese, sheep, olive trees, vegetable gardens and all the various wildlife. Hawks and owls have been seen resting on the solar panels!
9.Patz & Hall
Patz & Hall was founded in 1988 by four talented individuals: Donald Patz, James Hall, Anne Moses and Heather Patz. Together, they have turned Patz & Hall into one of California’s most highly regarded wineries with a celebrated portfolio of single-vineyard wines. Though Patz & Hall was not the first California winery to make vineyard-designate Chardonnays and Pinot Noirs, it was one of the first to introduce these wines to a wider audience outside of wine clubs and tasting rooms.
In addition to having high quality wines Patz and Hall also strive to have exceptional sustanability practices. They have become the cornerstones of the winery’s success, allowing Patz & Hall to realize the highest levels of quality and consistency.
They designed and installed a roof-mounted solar array at the winery comprised of 512 solar photovoltaic panels. The array is able to produce 128,000-kilowatt hours per year, making their winery 100 percent energy self-sufficient. Additionally, the array’s design shields the barrel room from the sun decreasing the building’s overall temperature. This solar array spares the environment over 128,000 pounds of CO2 emissions annually (over 30 years, this is the equivalent of not driving 3.8 million miles).
Their winery was designed to have a separate barrel room cooling system from the tank cooling system. This allows for complete shutoff of each system when not in use. Making it an extremely efficient design. The winery was also designed to be able to pre-treat all of our wastewater. This environmentally friendly treatment process removes solids and puts them through a biofermentor, lowering biological oxygen demand (BOD) levels and essentially making our wastewater similar to storm water.
In addition all of the left over organic matter from their winemaking (skins, seeds, etc.) is composted. This totals approximately 200 tons annually. The compost is used by vineyards and organic farms across Sonoma County.
Because their bottles used to have to be trucked over 1,900 miles, they changed out their bottle manufacturer, thereby reducing the carbon footprint of their bottle transportation by 60%.
• In addition, they use a zero emissions electric forklift for winery material and barrel movements; converted all case box packaging to craft (standard cardboard) eliminating all dyes and converting inks to soy based material on 35,000 boxes; switched to lighter wine bottles, which reduces overall fuel usage during shipping (shipping is a significant part of a winery’s carbon footprint); completed a comprehensive energy audit of the offices in order to ascertain and eliminate energy waste; upgraded to the most energy-efficient lighting; recycle all paper through a shredding service; use recyclable tin capsules (as opposed to plastic) on top of our bottles; and recycle 100 percent of the used bottles, capsules and corks.
10. Starmont Winery & Vineyards
Starmont’s goal is to capture the essence of the Napa Valley’s premier vineyards in rich, complex, supple wines that pair well with food and are accessibly priced.
Starmont is also committed to protecting and preserving the environment. and have taken the following steps to follow through with their commitment:
• Each barrel room has independent climate controls to more efficiently manage fermentations and barrel aging.
• Automated systems manage temperatures by bringing in cooler nighttime air and venting out warmer air, using low energy fans, when conditions permit.
• State of the art 277 kW Solarcraft Solar Energy System generates enough electricity each day to power over 250 average homes.
• 100% of winery process water recycled as vineyard & landscaping irrigation.
• 98.6% of waste is diverted away from landfill, per a Napa Recycling assessment
• Energy efficiency is moved through lighting, motors, compressors, double paned windows and a fully insulated building (roof and walls).
• Starmont is a certified Napa Green Farm and Napa Green Winery, and is a member of the Napa Sustainable Winegrowing Group.
11. Trefethen Family Vineyards
Hailey Trefethen, who along with her brother Loren is the third generation of Trefethens to passionately embrace the winegrowing life (her grandparents founded Trefethen Vineyards in 1968 and her parents, John and Janet, released the first Trefethen wines in 1973). Hailey says that “becoming 100% solar-powered fits perfectly into our philosophy of sustainability and our continual efforts to reduce our footprint. It enables us to close the loop further and become even more self-sustaining.”
Trefethen has been at the forefront of the sustainable farming movement since Eugene and Catherine Trefethen began growing grapes on a cluster of farms surrounding their historic, 19th-century winery in the southern Napa Valley. Gene, instrumental in establishing an agricultural preserve in Napa County by encouraging local residents to vote for its passage, was an early pioneer of sustainable practices, including his development of a rain water collection and recycling system that replenished Trefethen’s reservoirs. Over the past 45 years, the Trefethen family has quietly and without fanfare created a model program of sustainable winegrowing designed to minimize the use of chemical agents, conserve natural resources, and provide job security, living wages and benefits to its workers.
“When we started in the wine business all those years ago, no one in the wine business was talking about sustainability,” says Trefethen Family Vineyards CEO Janet Trefethen. “But I was raised on a rice farm and knew that if you wanted to live off the land, you had to respect and care for it and its resources. We’ve been doing that since 1968.”
In addition to solar powering its vineyard and winery operations, Trefethen religiously adheres to a host of other sustainability practices, including recycling wastewater for irrigation; using deficit irrigation to reduce water usage; transforming winery waste (grape seeds, skins and stems) into compost; restoring riparian areas and streams; employing natural methods of weed, mildew and pest control (bats, hawks and barn owls diminish pest populations); planting cover crops to enhance soil health; harvesting at night rather than mechanically cooling the grapes; maintaining a fleet of electric and soy-based biodiesel fueled vehicles to reduce fossil fuel emissions; opting for soy inks on bottle labels; and providing year-round jobs and full benefits for agricultural workers, along with extensive employee health and education programs.
12. Stone Brewery
Founded by Greg Koch and Steve Wagner in 1996, San Diego-based Stone Brewing is the 10th largest craft brewer in the United States. With Steve’s knowledge of brewing and Greg’s past successes in business, these two beer fanatics managed to cobble together the funds needed (withno small help from Greg’s father, Terry Koch) for some shiny new stainless steel brewing vessels. After a nine-month search, the newly formed team found the perfect location in San Marcos for Stone Brewing and cation in San Marcos for Stone Brewing and moved in on February 1, 1996. On July 26, the ribbon was cut and the first beer was tapped in the brewery’s tasting room Their rooftop solar panels on the Escondido brewery produce more than 20% of the power for the brewery and restaurant.
13. Two Goats Brewery
In July of 2015, Two Goats Brewing in Hector, NY made the switch to solar. From the start, their business model has been one of sustainability: their building is a refurbished barn from the 1800’s; their spent grain goes to local farm stock; they use local hops and food products; they have inhouse practices of reusing; recycling and composting; and they are major supporters of regional causes. Going solar was just another step in that direction. As owner and brewer Jon Rodgers says, “The projected payback period for Two Goat’s solar system is 7.5 years, and in the last 6 months alone they’ve saved two-thirds in energy costs. With the tax incentives and rebates, it makes the switch to solar feasible and a smart investment.”
From start to finish, the process of going solar was seamless because of the streamlined efforts of local company Renovus Solar. Renovus has designed and installed thousands of renewable energy projects throughout New York State and was professional, efficient and extremely accessible. Their aim is to demystify and simplify the transition to solar by clarifying options, filling out forms for the customer (such as rebates, interconnection contracts and building permit applications) and talking one through the tax deduction details.
In collaboration with Renovus, Two Goats continues to support growth in the solar industry by hosting educational meetings for the public.
14. Sierra Nevada Brewing Co.
In 1980, Sierra Nevada set out with a simple goal: brew the beers they wanted to drink. They started small with homebrew shop experience, a love of American hops, and plenty of passion. Decades later, they are still at it and the passion burns brighter than ever.
Focusing on the environmental lens of sustainable development, the Sustainability Department provides guidance on reducing the overall environmental impacts of their processes brings awareness of environmental issues to their roles at the brewery and to their personal lives.
Their sustainability program extends to every facet of the company from barley to bottle and into customer’s refrigerator. Sierra Nevada’s fundamental approach is to “close the loop” wherever and whenever possible. They look for opportunities to bring materials leaving their facility— such as heat, water, and packaging—back into our production process.
Introduced to employees in 2011, their zero waste goal emulates sustainable natural cycles in which discarded materials are resources, not wastes, and products and processes are designed and managed to reduce the volume and hazards of waste. The drivers behind our zero waste goal are:
• To improve environmental health by reducing landfill contribution, reducing greenhouse gas emissions, sustaining natural resources and preventing the release of harmful chemicals into land, water and air systems. Doing so also improves everyone’s personal health and the health of the communities by ensuring that we have clean air and water.
• To save money by reducing the cost of utilities and resources. Saving money allows Sierra Nevada to offer employees amazing benefits and provide job security.
They work hard to divert solid waste from the landfill, recovering 99.8% of their total solid waste through reuse, recycling or composting (also known as reEarthing). The same resolve is applied to all of the resources they use throughout the brewery, including energy, water, packaging materials, compressed air, food, employee time, parts, services, money and, most importantly, beer.
They have metrics in place to help identify and reduce waste in brewery operations. Tracking mechanisms depend on the type of waste, and metrics are reported brewery-wide through our Key Performance Indicator (KPI) program which is illustrated in the following sections. Audits are regularly conducted throughout the brewery to provide detailed information about specific processes that need improvement.
15. Domaine Carneros Vineyards
Since the beginning, Domaine Carneros has pushed the sustainability envelope to ensure they live as lightly on the land as possible while producing great grapes and wine. These efforts include owl boxes providing natural solution for rodent management, in addition to using grape pomace from harvest to feed local cattle.
In 2003, they installed the largest solar collection system of any winery in the world. To help minimize the use of electric lights. By having built into the earth and using night cooling systems, they maintain cellar temperatures naturally. In addition, the compost, and recycle bottles, corks, foils, cardboard, paper, plastic wrap and more throughout the entire winery.
16. Spottswoode Estate Vineyards
For more than 30 years, Spottswoode Estate Vineyard & Winery has farmed its legendary Napa Valley estate vineyard 100% organically. In 1985, decades before most winegrowers were thinking about sustainability, or chemical-free farming, Spottswoode’s owner, Mary Novak, and her renowned founding winemaker, Tony Soter, transitioned their historic estate vineyard to organic farming. In 1992,this decision culminated in Spottswoode becoming only the second estate vineyard in Napa Valley to earn CCOF organic certification. More than just establishing Spottswoode as one of Napa Valley’s most environmentally conscious wineries, this decision has had an industry- wide impact. Because Spottswoode’s Cabernet Sauvignons are recognized as among the finest in the world, with renowned wine writers comparing them to the great First Growths of Bordeaux, this decision has shaped the thinking of generations of California vintners— proving that being green is in no way incompatible with greatness.
Farming organically is just one aspect of Spottswoode’s commitment to the environment—a commitment that has been continued, and greatly expanded, by a passionate second generation of the Novak family. In 2007, under the leadership of winery President Beth Novak Milliken, Spottswoode joined 1% for the Planet, the pioneering organization founded in 2001 by environmental activist Yvon Chouinard. As one of only 1,200 member companies around the world, Spottswoode has made the huge commitment to contribute 1% of its gross revenue on an annual basis to organizations that share its environmental values.
Beth also developed partnerships within the community, and with various governmental agencies, to restore Napa Valley’s Spring Creek, which defines the southern border of the Spottswoode Estate Vineyard. In 2007, Spottswoode began installing several solar arrays to offset the winery’s energy needs. Today, this system has grown to include 90 kW of arrays that offset 100% of the winery’s annual production and office-related energy needs, and a 30 kW system that generates roughly 75% of Spottswoode’s agricultural energy needs. Additionally, Spottswoode has established a 7 kW system on the estate’s historic home, with the goal of offsetting 100% of Spottswoode’s residential energy needs. Most recently, Spottswoode became an early adopter Tesla Driving Destination Partner when it installed a complimentary electric vehicle charging station.
In addition to being organic, Spottswoode also cultivates its vineyard biodynamically. Beth says “When you have the privilege of farming a vineyard like Spottswoode, that’s over 130 years old, it comes with an appropriate sense of responsibility. As stewards of our land, we think about how our decisions will affect the vineyard for decades, even generations, to come.” Spottswoode’s holistic approach also embraces biodiversity as a method of ensuring the energetic health of the vineyard. To promote this biodiversity, the vineyard is farmed using cover crops and the estate includes owl boxes, bluebird boxes, green-winged swallow boxes, bee boxes, a raptor box, restored riparian areas and numerous year-round insectaries. The property is also home to chickens and goats, which further contribute to the vitality of the estate.
In recognition of its remarkable commitment to the environment, Spottswoode has earned several important certifications over the years. In 2004, the California Land Stewardship Institute awarded Spottswoode its Fish Friendly Farming certification. The following year, the Spottswoode Estate Vineyard became one of the first vineyards to earn certification through Napa Green Certified Land, and in 2010, Spottswoode became a Certified Green Winery through Napa Green. As a result of Spottswoode’s decades-long commitment to sustainability and the environment, Spottswoode was honored by the Great Wine Capitals Global Network with the “2016 Sustainable Wine Tourism Practices Award of Excellence.”